Thanks so much for reading my article. Cuttings should root in 4-6 weeks or quicker with bottom heat of 15°C (50°F). This time of the year is should be thriving, but the last two weeks it has started going really down hill. When I had one on a trellis, I planted daylilies in front of it because they are drought-tolerant, too, and they grow only about 18-24 inches high. Want to take it out outside, when can i do it? Do you know whether it comes in any other colors I didn't mention? Withholding water will trigger blooming, but withholding too much will also trigger leaf loss. This will allow new growth to emerge at the site of the pruning, and on healthy areas below. Answer: If I count correctly, you wrote to me in October. Answer: I don't recommend any particular ratio. In warm climates, a bougainvillea plant can be grown as a vine or groundcover, in cool areas it's a great container plant. Does the white variety not do well in the AZ summers? Prune the potted plant severely in before cold weather sets in, and take indoors. The best times are in between bloom cycles. Choose a large container, because its roots are quite spread. In a pot, the root ball is surrounded with cold air in winter which makes it more susceptible to freeze damage. Pyrethrin-based pesticides. Never mix copper fungicides with other chemicals. Be sure to remove no more than 1/3 of any branch at any one time. Help! I hope you have gotten rid of those pesky caterpillars! Indoor potted plants will bloom from May to December. Bougainvillea is known for its colorful display of flowers, or bracts. Very informative and well written. They seem to have more flowers and colorful bracts then than they do in the spring. It needs full sun, so that side of your home is best. I used an empty gallon milk jug. He will NOT listen to me. Answer: Without more information, it is hard to say. Take care planting or replanting a bougainvillea. By following the tips below you will be rewarded a stunning display. That will make a big difference in the advice I give you. Question: When pruning Bougainvillea do I cut off the sharp thorns? I haveVera deep purple I want to transfer it in big pot. I live in NC, took plant inside for winter. I live in San Antonio and there are bougainvilleas everywhere and in many colors. They only grew maybe a foot taller if that lost all bracts and flowers but got a lot of new growth leaves only. Low light or not enough hours per day of sunlight, coupled with high humidity and warm temps encourage rust. Or maybe not enough sun? Mine is just now beginning to put out new growth. You may have to water the plant more often in terra cotta, as it is a porous material, so it "breathes" a bit. These guys come out only at night, but are sometimes still there in early morning. This is all about planting bougainvillea in pots including the soil mix to use, steps to take and a key thing to know. Answer: Bougainvillea blooms twice per year: spring and fall or early winter. While the leaves are not toxic, a prick from the thorns can lead to dermatitis, a skin rash that is typically caused by an allergic reaction. When first planted or transplanted, the soil around a bougainvillea should be kept moist. If you're in a colder, wetter zone, you can still grow bougainvillea if you plant it in a pot and bring it indoors for the winter. Bill Holland from Olympia, WA on February 13, 2015: This is a tough one to grow in our neck of the woods. The older canes are thick, hard, and sturdy, but the new wood will be tender and very flexible. I also put them around my azaleas, which also require acidic soil. I purchased the one in the photo above about a month after we moved into our new home. Propagate by semi-ripe cuttings taken with a heel in summer. Alternatively, take hardwood cuttings in deep pots in winter with bottom heat of 3-6°C (5-10°F) above the air temperature to encourage rooting. We aim to enrich everyone’s life through plants, and make the UK a greener and more beautiful place. Question: I have bougainvillea growing around rebar in a pot -- should I cut out the rebar and plant it for it to thrive? Answer: All shrubs, once established, will survive all but extreme drought. Answer: Either is fine. Why would the leaves start turning brown and rusty looking? If your vine is in a pot, consider moving it to a better, more sunlit location to improve its blooming capabilities. They need a warm climate, full sun, and good drainage. Feed bougainvillea vines that grow in containers once per month with a water-soluble, all-purpose, 5-5-5 fertilizer. I tried Ace Hardware first, as they are closer to my home; they did not have this product. Take care when pruning a bougainvillea, as it has large, sharp thorns. Maybe it needs plant food (fertilizer). Answer: In zone 7, you will need to take them indoors over the winter. If you want to ensure that your bougainvillea … Bougainvillea is among the fastest growing plants. If so, how long was the plant allowed to sit in that water? I have No pink flowers left on my bougainvillea, we are towards the end of spring in Texas. I put both bougainvilleas in hanging baskets in my green house for the winter. Question: My indoor plant is wilting. You could cut off a small branch. Question: Would a vygie (lampranthus) in anyway hamper the growth of the bougainvillea? What is the a good additives for the soil to keep it purple.? Answer: Just be sure it gets full sun (at least 6 hours per day) and that it has good drainage. Don't be afraid to prune aggressively, if needed. Question: Can you propagate Bougainvillea from a cutting? They do, however, typically bloom twice per year: spring and fall. You should never leave it in the pot it came in if you are putting it in the ground, so I'm glad you didn't. This can be treated by spraying it with a fungicide. When I lived in Charlotte NC, I visited Key West where I bought a bougainvillea from a woman who assured me it would survive the winter if it became established before winter arrived. Question: Do Bougainvilleas do well in pots? It will grow far larger if in the ground. Alice’) This low-growing variety can easily be kept to three to four feet, working best for those wanting a lovely, all-white look without sky-high height. Bougainvillea "flowers" are actually a type of leaves called "bracts." Any chance the brown one got too much water, maybe from a leaky roof or window in the greenhouse? Answer: Both are drought tolerant, so water needs are compatible. It reached the roof of the house and almost covered the entire wall behind it. She lives in coastal Alabama. × buttiana (B. glabra, B.peruviana) are best for containers as they flower when young.. Bougainvillea × buttiana ‘Poulton’s Special’ AGM: magenta-rose bracts [B. Answer: It could be needing water, it could be that it has had too much water, or it could be getting too much or too little light. You can treat this with a broad-spectrum fungicide. It needs good drainage & lots of sunshine. I've seen it done, but it sure takes a lot of care. Question: I live in a small town by a large lake. Re-potting of Bonsai Bougainvillea Water thoroughly for best results. It grows new branches overnight and is taller than our roof! Bougainvilleas flower best when kept on the dry side. It can be not so good in dry weather, requiring you to water more often. It can get very warm underneath the coverings even if it is still cold outdoors. I’ve done multiple posts and videos on all aspects of growing it. It doesn't like soggy soil. Never over-apply fungicides. Perfect for use on vegetables, roses, fruits, nuts, herbs, ornamentals, and turf. After it grows some roots, you can cut it off of the mother plant and relocate it to whatever sunny spot you would like. Do you want the bougainvillea to climb a tree similar to the way wild wisteria does? Bougainvillea × buttiana ‘Poulton’s Special’ AGM: magenta-rose bracts [B. Indigenous to South America, bougainvillea vines grow best in USDA planting zones 9-11. × buttiana’Raspberry Ice’: Cream margins to the leaves and cerise bractsB. Also, make sure it is secured to its trellis to prevent wind damage. If we don't drink all the coffee made in the mornings, I dilute it with plain water for my acid-loving plants, and pour it around them. Join Gregory Jones from IL on February 13, 2015: I landscaped in Florida for about 10 years and love the large varieties of color of bougainvillea. 8 of 10 'White Madonna' (Bougainvillea ‘White Madonna’) Plant this beauty and let her vines climb high with moderate water and full sun. Anywhere plastic touches the plant will be damaged. Be sure your irrigation system, if you use one, is not spraying overhead, but close to the ground, and also be sure to water in the early morning hours so the leaves have plenty of time to dry before the evening brings lower temperatures. You didn't say where you are, but I believe I can safely assume that, if you're growing a bougainvillea, you probably live where there are hot summers. I was told to water them everday in the summer. If it were to be pruned now, it would lose all the flower buds that will soon be coming. Above is what caterpillars did to my once-beautiful hot-pink bougainvillea. Few bougainvillea diseases are deemed harmful enough to destroy a bougainvillea garden spread. Arizona. These will attempt to feed on bougainvillea leaves throughout the growing season. A bougainvillea is a tropical thorny vine that can grow 40 feet tall. 222879/SC038262, Increase water in February-March as the increasing light levels and temperatures stimulate growth, Maintain high humidity in bright periods to encourage buds to break, If containerised, place outdoors in full sun, ideally 18-21°C (65-70°F) at night, a few degrees warmer by day, Once plants are growing strongly around mid-April, water freely and feed weekly with a high nitrogen liquid feed, When bracts show colour, change to a high potassium feed and move plants to cooler conditions (if possible to 10°C (50°F)) with good ventilation and protection from direct sun. The leaves may turn yellow, and parts or all of the plant may grow poorly. Mix 1 tablespoon fertilizer with 1 gallon of water, and water the plant's soil. Question: I live in Flagler County, Florida. That was definitely not true. Answer: All the purple ones I have seen have remained purple. I have tried what I think to be everything. There was only one flower left on the entire plant, so I was not a happy gardener. Maria is a Master Gardener, public health educator, grant-writer, artist, photographer, editor, & proofreader. Here's the link to one entitled, "Why Won't My Bougainvillea Bloom?" Grows perennially with flowers April to December. When I took them out today, one looks great with lots of flowers the other one looks bad, no flowers and a lot of brown bracts should I trim off the brown parts? The smallest ones are green in color. Yes. If the top one inch is dry, it's time to water. Green leaves can be seen on the bottom half of the plant. Neem comes in a highly concentrated form, in a tiny bottle. That's when they should be blooming like crazy, at least around here, it is. If you want, you can e-mail me at and send a photo of your plant. Play. Like all plants, bougainvilleas start out relatively small, but will quickly take over the space provided for them, and then some. Be sure to rake away any affected leaves that have fallen to the ground as rain and irrigation water will splash the spores back onto your plant, as well as onto neighboring plants. If you want to do that , please send it to Has yours faded in color, or changed in some other way? × buttiana ‘Poulton’s Special’ AGM] B. When considering any plant for purchase, it's a good idea to lift the rootball out of the pot to see if the roots are going round and round. on August 23, 2019: why is it that in kenya bougainvillea produces flower after years. i did a hard trim back in early Feb. which seemed to help a bit. I am paranoid about the watering because I think I watered too much on my older ones. Question: What causes bourgainvillea bracts to dry? Insecticides with the active ingredient spinosad are effective against the bougainvillea looper. You will get new growth, but you will be snipping off the flower buds. I hope you enjoy it, and that it helps. Enjoy your beautiful plant. Any that grow out toward the walk that leads to our front door, I clip at the point where the branch leaves the main trunk, taking care not to scar the trunk. Do not let anyone tell you that you can simply snip off the ends of the branches to encourage new growth. Does your bougainvillea get adequate sunlight? It is mid December in Yucatan, Mexico. YES I LIVE IN NEBR. If it is grown outdoors, be prepared to lose the plant if your winter is less than mild. Good luck with replanting your bougainvillea, and thank you for reading my article. You could check for pests -- mealy bugs almost killed mine. MariaMontgomery (author) from Central Florida, USA on December 20, 2018: Bougainvillea typically stay true to color, unlike hydrangea which change with the pH of the soil. Always cut at a joint. Bougainvillea (Bougainvillea spp.) Thank you! There are organic ones that are safer to use. Some gardeners recommend using a tablespoon of hibiscus fertilizer every 3 to 4 weeks in the spring and summer. Bougainvillea Basics; Bougainvillea Basics - Bougainvillea species ... Research at the University of Florida has found that plants flower best when given high nitrogen fertilizers and short day lengths (15 hours of darkness within every 24-hour period). Mix 2 teaspoons into a gallon of water and spray the soil thoroughly. If you have poor drainage, that would be a good idea. NutriStar performs best when applied every 14 days prior to bloom, and then once monthly afterward. Should I throw them out and start over again? Freeze damage on my neighbor's bougainvillea. Tracy Arizmendi from Northern Virginia on July 08, 2014: Great article! I have 2 bougainvillea that have never bloomed. Question: I have my young bougainvillea in a pot, and will bring it inside for the winter. Wind and freeze damage can be cut away, allowing new growth to emerge. A sulfur dust fungicide may also be a good choice for you. MariaMontgomery (author) from Central Florida, USA on April 11, 2020: My experience with bougainvillea is in Zones 9a & 8b. MariaMontgomery (author) from Central Florida, USA on May 26, 2015: You're welcome. × buttiana (B. glabra, B.peruviana) are best for containers as they flower when young. If it becomes necessary to prune any plant when installing it (for example, if a limb gets broken) always place your cut at a joint, taking care to cut on an angle, so water will run off rather than soaking into the raw wood. Occasionally, they can be seen hanging from a tiny string of web, or on a leaf, boring into it. You can do this with your thumbnail or a small knife. I'm so glad I can grow them now. is a drought-tolerant plant that rarely needs to be pruned or fertilized. Answer: Bougainvillea will survive severe pruning, and bloom beautifully again. I took this guy (in a zip-closed snack bag) to my local master gardeners for expert advice -- this was before I became a master gardener myself. Having a bougainvillea in your garden, either in a pot or in the ground, is always joyful due to the gorgeous flush of color. Question: What soil helps zone 9 purple bougainvillea keep purple? The dead portions can be always cut away after danger of additional freezing temps has passed. I wish I have that purple bougainvillea too. Southwest Florida is in Zone 11a & 11b. I cannot tell because the soil always feels damper a little deeper but how do I know how often to water? It has lots of stripped leaves. It's the middle number in the 3 numbers on bags of fertilizer. When the spring peak of blooming has passed, your bougainvillea will still be blooming but with far fewer flowers. The spent blooms will drop off when they are done. How can I save my bougainvilleas? Answer: Bougainvillea are vines or trained into very small ornamental trees, much like tree-roses. It will be beautiful on your lattice. Bougainvillea likes a lot of water when it is first planted, but once established, it does better with soil a little on the dry side. Thanks for the squidlike and for the nice comment. It started out huge and overgrown when we moved here, but now it looks like a dwarf bush. Question: Would a bougainvillea grow better in a plastic or terra cotta container? I'm not familiar with cactus soil, and even after living in Florida for 7 years, going to the master gardener's palm school, and working the plant clinics, I have never heard of palm soil. Mix 200 gm of fresh Bougainvillea leaves in 1 lit water. @tracy-arizmendi: Thank you, Tracy1973. Having a good root system is important for the bougainvillea. Also, any branches with this mildew should be removed and trashed, not composted. Will these grow year round in the south (Atlanta)? They are in the ground and I fertilize with the right stuff, but still nothing. MariaMontgomery (author) from Central Florida, USA on July 10, 2014: @burntchestnut: I need to add orange to my list of colors for this plant. We live in SWFl. Vines will often blossom most profusely if grown in full sun ; however, they will tolerate light shade (and may even crave it in especially hot climates). It could also be powdery mildew. Did you remove some old soil before adding more soil? Fungal disease is one of the most common diseases resulting from excessive rain . Fertilize twice per year, in early spring and mid-summer, using a slow-release fertilizer. You just reminded me of an article I meant to write about the 3 numbers, what they mean, and what each of the chemicals are for. MariaMontgomery (author) from Central Florida, USA on August 14, 2020: If the plant were in the ground, I would say twice per week is fine (assuming no rain). What can I do to liven it up? This can vary depending on where you live. MariaMontgomery (author) from Central Florida, USA on April 05, 2017: In Atlanta you will need to grow Bougainvillea in a large pot that can be taken indoors during winter. Avoid leaf drop in winter by maintaining a minimum night temperature of 10°C (50°F) with the day temperature a few degrees higher. Blend the mixture and apply on the garden plants. Wouldn't it be wonderful if they would grow everywhere? Question: I have a bougainvillea tree in a large pot, which I bring indoors in the winter. Will they bloom back properly? Below is a photo of how it looked the day it was planted in 2012. i have a large bougainvillea in a clay pot that is breaking from age. It is possible, however, that as the vines grow older and larger (about as big around my wrist) they can damage the tree in a choking fashion. My bougainvillea has a lot of thorny branches, but not one leaf. See you around Squidoo. Can I just break off the pot and clean the soil from the trunk and let it stay on the ground? It would help if you could send me a close-up photo of the pot and roots. Bougainvillea blooms only on the tips of new growth. Why wouldn't my bougainvillea have more leaves? All blooms fell off and never bloomed again. It is true that the insecticidal soaps will need to be sprayed after each rain, but they do work. This is the guy that created all this damage to my bougainvillea. See map below.) Audrey Howitt from California on September 16, 2014: Well, I had been wondering how to trim my plant and you answered that question--I wonder if it matters when I clip it?? 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