When selecting which wisteria type to grow in your garden you’ll have a choice between Asian wisterias and American wisterias. Wisteria is kind of weird for a woody vine, because it blooms on both old and new growth. The flowers of most varieties are heavily scented. Unfortunately, these varieties can be difficult to find at local nurseries, but you can often purchase them from mail-order suppliers. Get planting advice, garden design tips and trends, monthly checklists for your area, product specials and more in our weekly newsletter. The two species of wisteria most commonly grown in the United States are Japanese wisteria and Chinese wisteria. 7685. It’s really is fucking invasive – It will push past you as if on a mission from God. Also look at the seedpods. Wisteria flowers make any garden enchanting and exotic looking. Amythest Falls is an American wisteria variety that is supposed to be more blossiferous, less rambling, and comes with a pickle according to hype. Wisteria floribunda flowers in May and June with clusters of flowers reaching up to 46cm (18ins) in length. ‘Shiro Noda’ – long racemes densely packed with white flowers. Wisteria is a perennial vine with wonderfully fragrant flowers, often lavender, that grow in clusters, similar to grapes. Wisteria macrostachya ‘Blue Moon'. If they turn counterclockwise, you are growing Chinese wisteria or one of the American varieties. document.write(theDate.getFullYear()) It has more flowers than the Chinese wisteria, hence the species name ‘floribunda’ which means lots of flowers. Wisteria sinensis 'Alba'. Produces velvety brown seed pods, 4-6 inches long. Wisteria is one of the most popular and spectacular of all flowering garden plants and adds stunning effect to any gardenor landscape. Flowers often last longer than other wisterias. I am off out into my garden to see which way mine twirls. There are dozens of different cultivars and forms, including: ‘Honbeni’ – soft delicate pink flowers with a lavender tinge. Learn how your comment data is processed. These Asian imports have become the favorites of gardeners because of their showy flower clusters, intense fragrance, and the wide array of color options and cultivars available. Wisteria venusta var. The flowers are more delicate and the plant slightly easier and quicker to make into a standard than the Japanese, should you feel the need to. Wisteria floribunda(Japanese/American) is similarly persistent in its approach, and is commonly seen propping up buildings that would long ago have crumbled without it’s assistance. May be trained horizontally, up to 25 feet or further. Flowers are lilac-blue and bunched in 4- to 6-inch-wide clusters. Full to partial sun. The name Kuchibeni means ‘rouge lips or lipstick’ in Japanese. It primarily occurs in bottomlands in moist areas such as swamps, along rivers, and in flood plains. Chinese wisteria grows so rapidly that it covers … However, they also are the most aggressive growers and are even considered invasive in some areas of the country. When comparing the different types of wisteria, the choice often boils down to aesthetics and availability. Wisteria floribunda. Wisteria floribunda (common name Japanese wisteria) is a species of flowering plant in the pea family Fabaceae, native to Japan and Korea. Or Put another way, Chinese or Japanese? Vines of Chinese wisteria grow in a counter-clockwise direction (as do those of our native wisteria). Compare the five most common species below. In 1830, plant explorers finally introduced the … The Newton St. Cyres Nurseries Blog & Shop. I got lucky, picked the right one by accident… Both varieties […] . More about the newsletter. Japanese wisteria always grows clockwise. It produces magnificent hanging grape-like clusters (racemes) of fragrant blue-violet flowers in the late spring and provides quite a show. Chinese and Japanese wisterias (Wisteria sinensis and Wisteria floribunda) are spectacular spring-blooming vines, with elegantly twisting trunks and an absolutely breathtaking show of pendulous lavender or pink flowers in the spring.When you think of wisteria, you probably think of these types, draping their foot-long blossoms from high tree branches and growing wild along the highways. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited. Dramatic clusters of blue-violet to red-violet flowers with an intoxicating fragrance grace this vigorous twining climber. SKU. The flowers range in colour from white through pink to shades of blue and appear at the same time as the leaves begin to develop. Japanese Wisteria has alternate odd pinnately compound leaves that have 13 to … For example, the Carnea is light pink, while the Rubra is deep pink to red, and the Longisimma is light purple. After drying, they pop with a startling loud noise. It likes to go anti-clock wise, and takes no prisoners. Before you buy an expensive plant like a Wisteria you would be wise to know the difference between Chinese & Japanese varieties (species). Wisteria vines, for the most part, are not for the wimpy gardener.About 99.9% of the plants sold are Japanese wisteria (Wisteria floribunda) and Chinese wisteria (Wisteria sinensis)—thuggish Asian imports that frequently escape managed gardens.They climb the tallest trees, spread at light speed, and their muscular, twining stems can bend iron, crush an arbor, or throttle small trees to death. There are two main species of Wisteria; W. floribunda or Japanese Wisteria and W. sinensis or Chinese Wisteria. The two species of wisteria most commonly grown in the United States are Japanese wisteria and Chinese wisteria. Photo by: InfoFlowersPlants / Shutterstock. May be trained horizontally, up to 30 feet or further. Typically racemes are longer and open later than Chinese Wisteria, often blooming at the same time that leaves are forming. Chinese Wisteria has alternate odd pinnately compound leaves that have 7 to 13 leaflets on 4 to 16 inch stalks. Its springtime cascading flower clusters can grow to 3 feet long or more in some cultivars. Often reblooms throughout the growing season. The fragrant, pea-like flowers of Chinese wisteria, Wisteria sinensis, open in early summer on bare stems. The Violacea Plena bears double, red-violet-colored flowers. Chinese wisteria (scientific name, Wisteria sinensis) is a deciduous perennial vine with a twining growth habit. Growing to 9 m (30 ft), it is a woody, deciduous twining climber.It was brought from Japan to the United States in the 1830s. long (40 cm), with fragrant, pea-like flowers, that are a combination of pale lilac-blue and deep purple with a yellow spot in the throat. Heavenly scented, award-winning Wisteria 'Burford' (Japanese Wisteria) is a deciduous climber with a long season of interest. Blooms typically open first at the base and last at the tip of each cluster. Chinese wisteria (Wisteria sinensis) and Japanese wisteria (Wisteria floribunda) are non-native, invasive species, so we do not recommend them for North American gardens, despite the fact that they are regularly sold at nurseries and garden centers. The vines themselves are difficult to control and have been known to push apart fence panels, climb behind siding and pull down gutters. As a cultivated plant, it is suitable in United States Department of Agriculture zones 5 to 9. Or Put another way, Chinese or Japanese? In late spring or early summer, it produces masses of very long, drooping clusters, up to 16 in. I didn’t, I bought the first one I tripped over at the garden centre. I got lucky, picked the right one by accident… Both varieties take patience, mine was 7 years old before it flowered for the first time, and this is not uncommon. * Required FieldsWe will never sell or distribute your email to any other parties or organizations. Photo by: Garden World Images Ltd / Alamy Stock Photo. Perfect for covering patios, arbors or fences. Chinese wisteria is a sinensis producing flower clusters up to twelve inches long that open together. Twining, woody vine valued for its pendulous clusters of extremely fragrant violet-blue flowers. The basic color for the flowers is blue although, although you can now find them in pink and white. Wisteria floribunda: Japanese Wisteria. Wisteria floribunda 'Violacea Plena’. Chinese Wisteria/Japanese Wisteria Destroys Native Wildlife Habitats. Look at the direction the vines twist around their support structure. Photo by: Wiert Nieuman / Shutterstock. Chinese wisteria is a beautiful vine in flower, but it is an aggressive grower and is considered invasive in some areas, especially in the southern United States. This plant likes to go clockwise, you can convince it to do otherwise but it wont thank you for it and will look butt ugly doing it. The Chinese variety is not as fragrant as the Japanese. 1- to 3-foot-long chain-like clusters of flowers, called racemes. Chinese Wisteria. Blooms are usually violet colored, but can be white, purple, pink, or blue also. All the flowers in a cluster open at once, well before the foliage appears. Be the first to review this product. Mainly grown in the Carolinas and along the East Coast. With a few exceptions, both China and Japan were closed to westerners until the late 18th century. Can be trained as a small tree. A native found in the Midwest as well as Louisiana and Texas. Japanese and Chinese wisteria are almost identical, except Japanese vines twirl clockwise and Chinese vines twirl counter-clockwise around a supporting structure. From tools to furniture, these garden products are sure to delight. American wisteria can be found throughout the southeastern states. Chinese Wisteria sinensis was unknown until 1812, when a small number of English agents entered strictly for trade. Wisteria floribunda (common name Japanese wisteria) is a species of flowering plant in the pea family Fabaceae, native to Japan. Wisteria belongs to the Pea family, Fabaceae (formerly Leguminoseae). It has the shortest racemes of the wisteria family. Has shorter flower clusters and is not as cold hardy as its Japanese cousin. Leaves are alternate along the stem. Blooming improves with age and regular pruning. Browse photos, get design ideas & see the hottest plants, Compare the different types of wisteria vines commonly grown in home gardens, Sign up for weekly gardening inspiration and design tips. But the wisteria common throughout the Southeast is actually an invasive from China. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Wisteria vines are grown to tree standard, It makes a lot of sense as a wisteria has to be pruned a lot to contain it and keep it producing fruitwood. Won't that remove most of the flower buds it made last year and ruin the spring bloom? The clusters hang straight down from stems along its climbing vines that can grow to 25 feet or more in height. Hello No 55, The Amethyst Wisteria Carl Linnaeus described as the separate species Wisteria frutescens, a well behaved Northern American variety, perfectly well suited to a cottage garden. Photo by: blickwinkel / Alamy Stock Photo. ‘Kuchibeni’ – white flowers with a tinge of pink at the end of the petals and clear yellow autumn foliage. This vine grows very rapidly, reaching up to 70 feet with 15 inch trunks. A reliable choice for gardeners in northern climates. violacea. * Required | We will never sell or distribute your email to any other parties or organizations. var theDate=new Date() The flowers bloom gradually over a period of weeks. For all you control freaks out there however, this could be the plant of your dreams. Chinese & Japanese Wisteria While both Chinese and Japanese wisteria vines are extremely good climbers and feature lots of beautiful flowers, they are also extremely troublesome in most gardens. Japanese Wisteria twines clockwise around its support. Kentucky Wisteria. A curios difference between Chinese and Japanese wisteria is that Chinese wisteria vines spiral clockwise while Japanese wisteria vines spiral in the opposite direction. The plant's name is sometimes spelled wisataria, in keeping with the anatomist Casper Wistar, from whom the plant takes its name. The genus includes ten s… Impacts Wisteria was introduced to the United States from Japan and China in the 1800’s for use as ornamental plants. (Native American wisteria blooms in the summer.) Flowers appear in abundance in spring and then sporadically throughout the summertime. Leaves are compound, about 1 foot long, with 7-13 leaflets on Chinese wisteria and 13-19 on the Japanese variety. I know it is called Amethyst, because it came from Wisley, and they are unlikely to make a mistake about that. Japanese wisteria come in a broader range of colors than Chinese wisteria. Happy gardening x. After blooming, wisteria produces large seedpods with a velvety capsule. That's why it seems counterintuitive to say prune it now. The native … This plant has some cultivated varieties. I didn’t, I bought the first one I tripped over at the garden centre. If you are looking for a tamer form of wisteria, our native species (American wisteria and Kentucky wisteria) are great alternatives that offer the same lush beauty but are slower growing and less likely to overrun your garden. Japanese wisteria (Wisteria floribunda) is a smaller plant, but it also needs warmer zones to bloom reliably. Flowers open sequentially from top to bottom, so that it may begin to fade at the top as the bottom most flowers are still opening. Putting on one of the most impressive spring floral displays of any flowering vine, the Blue Chinese Wisteria Vine is desired for its abundant 6 to 12 inch long clusters of fragrant lavender-blue flowers. It needs regular pruning to keep its growth under control and is regarded as an invasive species in many places. Go to list of cultivars. Discover unique garden products curated by the Garden Design editors, plus items you can use to solve problems in your garden right now, and best sellers from around the web. All Rights Reserved. Has the latest bloom time, with flowers emerging in June. Kentucky wisteria (W. macrostachya) typically has shorter, denser panicles than the Chinese or Japanese wisterias. An interesting fact I learned while researching this article is that Chinese Wisteria twists clockwise around objects in its path, while Japanese Wisteria twists counterclockwise. Japanese wisteria vines grow clockwise. Most gardeners are unaware of the wide range of characteristics offered by Wisteria species and their cultivars in terms of bloom season, fragrance, length of flower clusters (racemes), flower colors, fall foliage. Get all the details below! Review of risks should be undertaken before selecting this vine for planting sites. The pods of the Asian wisterias have velvety surfaces covered with a downy fuzz while the pods of native wisteria are smooth. Timing of Blooms. Photo by: Garden World Images Ltd / Alamy Stock Photo. Copyright Consequently, one can not eliminate varieties merely by color alone. Japanese and Chinese wisteria, that is. Wisteria sinensis flowers mainly during May and the … Reaching a diameter of up to 15 inches, Japanese wisteria will twine clockwise around its host while Chinese wisteria will twine counter-clockwise. Wisteria sinensis. Before you buy an expensive plant like a Wisteria you would be wise to know the difference between Chinese & Japanese varieties (species). Parties or organizations produces large seedpods with a few exceptions, both China and were. Are even considered invasive in some areas of the American varieties the different types of wisteria commonly., i bought the first one i tripped over at the end of the petals and clear autumn..., or blue also with 15 inch trunks with 15 inch trunks to. But can be found throughout the Southeast is actually an invasive from China late 18th century as swamps, rivers! 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