In 1998,"the flood of the century" covered more than two-thirds of Bangladesh, causing crop losses of 2.04 million tons of rice, an amount equal to 10.45 percent of target production in 1998/99. Although a large portion of the aman (winter) crop was destroyed, the agricultural sector evidenced increased yields due to a good boro (spring) crop; and the construction industry grew by eight percent in 1998/99. Bangladesh experiences four different type s of floods: flash floods, riverine floods, rain floods and storm-surge floods (Mirza, 2002; B WDB, 2011). Between 1972 and 2014, Bangladesh saw flooding with higher magnitude only in six years – 1974, 1987, 1988, 1998, 2004 and 2007. 80% of Bangladesh is [floodplain],[1] and it has an extensive sea coastline,[2] rendering the nation very much at risk of periodic widespread damage. BANGLADESH: FLOODS 16 October 1998 appeal no. There needs to be serious considerations to mitigate the effects of climate change and invest in capacity building of each system component to secure the future of this country. Similarly, more area was inundated during the catastrophic June and August months, with inundation covering 4.53% and 7.01%, respectively. Web. 80% of the country of Bangladesh is classified as a floodplain, and following heavier than average monsoon rains between July and September 1998, coupled with snowmelt from the Himalayas, over two thirds of the country was flooded, including, significantly, the capital city, Dhaka. Bangladesh faces this problem almost every year. The 1998 floods in Bangladesh, deemed “the flood of the century,” covered more than two-thirds of the country and caused 2.04 million metric tons of rice crop losses (equal to 10.45 percent of target production in 1998/99). We find long-term declines in wages where nonagricultural labor markets are more severely affected. Two catastrophes alone, 1991 Bangladesh cyclone, 1997 Bangladesh cyclone and Cyclone Sidr in 2007 cost the nation around a quarter of a million of its residents. Floods in Bangladesh: History, Dynamics and Rethinking the Role of the Himalayas. The floods affected different sectors in different ways. The seriously affected regions were on the western side of the Brahmaputra, the area below the confluence of the Ganges and the Brahmaputra and considerable areas north of Khulna. "Floating schools", as these classrooms are known, help provide an education for children whose lives were drastically affected by the effects of constant flooding. A terrible flood struck Bangladesh in 1988, killing over 6,000 people, destroying millions of tons of crops and causing millions of dollars in damages. Get facts about Australian Floods here. This was not Bangladesh’s first flooding disaster, nor its last. The flood of 1988, which was also of catastrophic consequence, occurred throughout August and September. Those of 1951, 1987, 1988 and 1998 were of catastrophic consequence. Note Total affected:15,000,050 An estimated two-thirds of the country are under water The Bangladesh floods in 1998 were notable for their long duration of 56 days. The 1999 floods,[7] although not as serious as the 1998 floods, were still very dangerous and costly. Tectonic uplift of the Himalayas means that erosion rates of sediment increase as the rivers have more potential for erosion. [10] Each year in Bangladesh about 26,000 square kilometres (10,000 sq mi) (around 18% of the country) is flooded, killing over 5,000 people and destroying more than seven million homes. Select recovery documents and publications. The DEC-funded organizations … Humanitarian situation reports, response plans, news, analyses, evaluations, assessments, maps, infographics and more on Bangladesh: Floods - Jul 1998 The catastrophic floods of 1987 occurred throughout July and August[4] and affected 57,300 square kilometres (22,100 sq mi) of land, (about 40% of the total area of the country) and was estimated as a once in 30-70 year event. The flooding caused contamination of crops and … This global change is likely to have a more dramatic effect on the global agriculture than previously predicted meaning that the world hunger situation and Bangladesh's food security issues will only get worse. Bangladesh experiences four different type s of floods: flash floods, riverine floods, rain floods and storm-surge floods (Mirza, 2002; B WDB, 2011). While the issue of flooding and the ongoing efforts to limit its damages are prevalent throughout the entire country, several types of floods have recently occurred regularly, affecting different areas in their own distinct way.
  • Between July-September 1998, Bangladesh suffered one of its worse ever floods. As El Niño becomes increasingly fr… Bangladesh Flooding 1998 - Duration: 3:28. Dead 140 Washington, D.C.: World Bank, 2012. [9] The difference between historical and projected average temperatures each season throughout the world has revealed that harvests from major staple crops could drop by 40 percent by the end of the 21st century due to high temperatures in the growing seasons. Bangladesh floods on a regular basis, RECENT notable and catastrophic floods have occurred in 1988 (return period of 1 in every 50 to 100 years), 1998, 2004, 2007 and 2010. Large areas (80%) of bangladesh is a floodplain. The waters inundated about 82,000 square kilometres (32,000 sq mi) of land, (about 60% of the area) and its return period was estimated at 50–100 years. These flood types include:[3]. This flood threatened the health and lives of millions through food shortages caused by crop failure, loss of purchasing power, and the spread of water-borne disease. Dhaka City, which is surroundedby rivers on all sides, was seriously affected despite the completion of Phase I of the Dhaka IntegratedFlood Protection Project (DIFPP). In 1998, over 75% of the total area of the country was flooded, including half of Dhaka. KS 3 … GLIDE No. As recently as 2017, floods left an estimated one-third of the country under water. The 2004 flood was very similar to the 1988 and 1998 floods with two thirds of the country under water. Hofer, Thomas, and Bruno Messerli. Whether the extended length of the flooding is a one-off phenomenon is impossible to predict. Quote: In 1998, “the flood of the century” covered more than two-thirds of Bangladesh, causing crop losses of 2.04 million tons of rice, an amount equal to 10.45 percent of target production in 1998/99. [8], From March to September in a typical year, the citizens of Bangladesh are the most susceptible to major flooding, as a mixture of the monsoon seasons and the rising of major rivers and their tributaries reach their peak as the snow starts to melt and the rain starts to pour.[3]. [12], Yearly flooding during monsoon season and other forms of inclement weather have forced the people of Bangladesh to adjust their lifestyle in order to prepare for the worst. from Action by Churches Together International. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Monday, August 24, 1998 Published at 07:37 GMT 08:37 UK World: South Asia Bangladesh floods rise again This year's flooding may be one of the worst on record. The disastrous flood of 1998 was a result of excessiverainfall all over the catchment areas of the major rivers of Bangladesh. The 1998 floods in Bangladesh appeared to be qualitatively different from major floods in the previous 20 years, because of the length of the flood period, which was about 10 weeks. In 2017, unpredicted early heavy rain caused flooding in several parts of Bangladesh and damaged pre-harvested crops in April. Few hospitals were functional because of damage from the flooding, and those that were open had too many patients, resulting in everyday injuries becoming fatal due to lack of treatment. Flash floods occur in the easter n and northern In 1998, “the flood of the century” covered more than two-thirds of Bangladesh, causing crop losses of 2.04 million tons of rice, an amount equal to 10.45 percent of target production in 1998/99. More than two thirds areas of the nation were under water. 2014. Facts about Bangladesh Floods 9: the flood in 2004. devastated by consecutive floods (Haque, 1997). In 1998,"the flood of the century" covered more than two-thirds of Bangladesh, causing crop losses of 2.04 million tons of rice, an amount equal to 10.45 percent of target production in 1998/99. Bangladesh is at the mouth of two extremely large … Displaced Not Specified The flood lasted 15 to 20 days. Small scale flooding in Bangladesh is required to sustain the agricultural industry, as sediment deposited by floodwaters fertilises fields. [5] It was similar to the catastrophic flood of 1988, in terms of the extent of the flooding. Report. This volume is 95% of the total annual inflow. Flooding normally occurs during the monsoon season from June to September. The April flood continued until the last week of August and caused substantial damage to housing, property, and infrastructure. ASGeographyInfo 5,292 views. There are a number of reasons why Bangladesh is prone to flooding. BANGLADESH FLOODS. The benefits of flooding are clear in El Niño years when the monsoon is interrupted. The overall damage: What is most unfortunate about Bangladesh's flood catastrophe is the fact that its people are largely blameless for the rise of global warming, yet they experience the worst of its escalating effects. The entire flood lasted approximately 65 days. These cities typically have rescue boats that can search for people who were unable to get above flood level and help them get out of the water. Now the most worrisome news is that higher magnitude floods have ravaged the country for six consecutive six years, starting in 2015, submerging more than 22% of the country’s total land. Many cities also have flood shelters, which are large raised platforms where people can find refuge from the effects of the on-rushing flood. Okayama University The floods occurred between July and September, causing many deaths, and leaving many people homeless. Despite being flooding being common in this country, the floods of 1998 were particularly severe resulting in over 1000 deaths and 30 million people being made homeless
Bangladesh is located in Southern Asia in between Burma and India, bordering the Bay of Bengal. Meltwater from the Himalayas is also a significant input. Seasonal rains were exceptionally heavy from july onwards. A research study predicted this by using the patterns and characteristics of 23 global climate models. An internal analysis of the 1998 flood concluded that flood forecasting and warning services should be extended to all flood-prone areas of the country. Cities and Flooding: A Guide to Integrated Urban Flood Risk Management for the 21st Century. Bangladesh floods on a regular basis, RECENT notable and catastrophic floods have occurred in 1988 (return period of 1 in every 50 to 100 years), 1998, 2004, 2007 and 2010. The flood damaged homes, possessions and had a huge disruption to communications. The Bangladesh flood had had countless detrimental effects on the country but contrastingly, it has also brought together international help with the disaster. This flood threatened the health and lives of millions through food shortages caused by crop failure, loss of purchasing power, and the spread of water-borne disease. 23/98 (revised) situation report no. Facts about Bangladesh Floods 9: the flood in 2004. Widespread flooding in Bangladesh, as seen in 1988, 1998 and 1991 has caused widespread destruction in one of the least developed countries in the world. LEDC Flooding Case Study: Bangladesh 1998 Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Water contamination, for example, is very difficult to cope with during floods. We use the Bangladesh Flood Impact panel household survey to evaluate how the 1998 “flood of the century” affected wages in Bangladesh. Main Source http://www.emdat.be/Database/terms.html Because of this, many people in Bangladesh use a tube well, which is a well with a top that is raised high enough that contaminated flood water from a flood cannot enter it. Large areas (70%) of bangladesh is 5m or less above sea level. With three of the world's mightiest river systems and being situated in the world's largest delta, riverbank erosion is taking away precious land from the small nation with a growing population every year. In early October 2005, dozens of villages were inundated when rain caused the rivers of northwestern Bangladesh to burst their banks. [11], These may be great solutions to the problem of flooding, but some cities do not have raised houses or flood shelters. Facts about Bangladesh Floods 10: the flood in 2005 Brief Overview of the Disaster  The water is required to grow rice, so natural flooding replaces artificial irrigation, which is time consuming and costly to build. The floods have caused devastation in Bangladesh throughout history, especially in 1951, 1987, 1988 and 1998. BBC Dhaka Correspondent, Francis Harrison: "The water has been on the ground for more than a month in many areas" Injured 50 You may also Google (Bangladesh Flood 1998" and find further information to fill-up the essay pages, if you like. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. 2014. [14], However, there are effects from flooding that cannot be avoided simply by raising houses above flood level. FL-1998-000203-BGD. Over 75% of the total area of the country was flooded, including half of Dhaka. The following Table (Table 1) describes a brief account of flood and deaths of people from flood between 1954 and 1998 in Bangladesh. It is prone to flooding due to being situated on the Brahmaputra River Delta (also known as the Ganges Delta) and the many distributaries flowing into the Bay of Bengal. Housing Destroyed/Damaged Not Specified Throughout Bangladesh there was a widespread mobilisation of volunteer assistance during the 1998 floods. Bangladesh is a land of rivers. Rainfall together with synchronisation of very high flows of the three major rivers of the country in only three days aggravated the flood. Jha, Abhas Kumar, Robin Bloch, and Jessica Lamond. The country has a long history of destructive flooding that has had very adverse impacts on lives and property. The 2007 South Asian floods also affected a large portion of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Floods, 1998 There are a number of reasons why Bangladesh is prone to flooding. As El Niño becomes increasingly frequent, and flood events appear to become more extreme, the previously reliable monsoon may be succeeded by years of drought or devastating floods. Total Damage and Losses (in USD) 2  million 4 5 6. Firstly, most of Bangladesh is a flood plain or a delta (not an estuary, a delta is a river mouth that differs in many ways). 3:28. The 1998 flood was the most worst in the memorable history when more than 65% of area inundated and remained under water for 65 days (BWDB, 1998). Flooding in an LEDC - The 1998 Floods in Bangladesh. Between July-September 1998, Bangladesh suffered one of its worse ever floods. YEAR: 2010. March 2003, Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer, "Flood Management in the Flood Plain of Bangladesh", "World: South Asia Bangladesh floods rise again", "Operational Flood Mapping Using Multi-Temporal Sentinel-1 SAR Images: A Case Study from Bangladesh", "How dire climate displacement warnings are becoming a reality in Bangladesh", "Bangladesh Now Seeks Foreign Aid For Flooding", "Bangladesh: Preparing for Flood Disaster", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Floods_in_Bangladesh&oldid=994803647, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from May 2020, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from October 2017, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from August 2015, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from June 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The condition of the flood which occurred in 2004 was similar with the flood in 1998. Salt deposited on fields from high rates of evaporation is removed during floods, preventing the land from becoming infertile. It was similar to the catastrophic flood of 1988, in terms of the extent of the flooding. 1, Page: 59, Table 5. This has proven to be very effective at avoiding the immediate effects of flooding. More than two thirds areas of the nation were under water. More recent floods include 2004 and 2010. A combination of heavy rainfall within and outside the country and synchronisation of peak flows of the major rivers contributed to the flood. Answer. The convectional rainfall of the monsoon is added to by relief rainfall caused by the Himalayas. Using Sentinel-1, comprehensive flood inundation maps of Bangladesh for March, April, June, and August 2017 show that the presence of perennial waterbodies in March 2017 covering an area of 5.03% in Bangladesh. This page was last edited on 17 December 2020, at 16:51. Get facts about Australian Floods here. The 1998 floods in Bangladesh, deemed “the flood of the century,” covered more than two-thirds of the country and caused 2.04 million metric tons of rice crop losses (equal to 10.45 percent of target production in 1998/99). The 1998 Bangladeshi floods have been described as some of the most destructive flood in modern times. Manufacturing and private investment showed a significant downturn, including the dominant garment industry, although it is difficult to disentangle the effects of the floods from more general patterns of disinvestment, partly caused by political uncertainty in Bangladesh. Due to being part of such a basin and being less than 5 metres above mean sea level, Bangladesh faces the cumulative effects of floods due to water flashing from nearby hills, the accumulation of the inflow of water from upstream catchments, and locally heavy rainfall enhanced by drainage congestion. Flash floods occur in the easter n and northern If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. 700,000 hectares of crops were destroyed,[6] 400 factories were forced to close, and there was a 20% decrease in economic production. 10% of the land is made up of lakes and rivers. normal bank floods from the major rivers, 100,000 square kilometres (39,000 sq mi) (66%) of the country was overwhelmed, 16,000 kilometres (9,900 mi) of roads flooded, 4,500 kilometres (2,800 mi) of river embankments destroyed, 32 percent of the total population affected. Throughout Bangladesh there was a widespread mobilisation of volunteer assistance during the 1998 floods. Causes of flooding in Bangladesh: 1. We welcome submissions, Invest to prevent disaster: Case study 2 Bangladesh, Learning lessons from disaster recovery: the case of Bangladesh, © 2019 International Recovery Platform All rights reserved. Bangladesh again experienced severe flooding in 1998, for which the flood forecasting and warning services yielded productive and successful results. An internal analysis of the 1998 flood concluded that flood forecasting and warning services should be extended to all flood-prone areas of the country. 23/98 (revised) situation report no. The economic development of the rural sphere is largely intertwined, as every year the populace loses property and livelihood. Facts about Bangladesh Floods 10: the flood in 2005 Throughout Bangladesh there was a widespread mobilisation of volunteer assistance during the 1998 floods. In the 19th century, six major floods were recorded: 1842, 1858, 1871, 1875, 1885 and 1892. Country Bangladesh [clarification needed] By comparison, only about 187 trillion l (1.87×1011 m3; 6.6×1012 cu ft) of streamflow is generated by rainfall inside the country during the same period. The water is required to grow rice, so natural flooding replaces artificial irrigation, which is time consuming and costly to build. Top Answer. [5] The flooding caused contamination of crops and animals and unclean water resulted in cholera and typhoid outbreaks. Academia. 2010-12-09 17:52:50 2010-12-09 17:52:50. Furthermore, children who even prior to a natural disaster did not receive proper schooling benefited from the opening of floating schools, making these communities into beneficial learning spots. Wiki User Answered . With a population of over 41.7 million people, Bangladesh is a populous country, well known for experiencing annual floods that have impacted on the country in various ways. [clarification needed] During severe floods the affected area may exceed 75% of the country, as was seen in 1998. Small scale flooding in Bangladesh is required to sustain the agricultural industry, as sediment deposited by floodwaters fertilises fields. Bangladesh flooding (1998) Natural Causes: Melting snow in the Himalayas added water to the rivers that flowed through bangladesh. Despite all of this, floodings also have a very positive effects and it is that corn grows on the water, with the floodings corn can grow benefecting the agriculture and economy in the area. An increase of salinity, a lack of food distributors, and the effects of seeing slum dwellers survive on flood water were just the initial blows to a monumental flood season that summer, extending beyond Bangladesh's borders and affecting India, China, Nepal, and Vietnam as well. Web. 30 million people were made homeless and the death toll reached over a thousand. For more information please go to: http://www.pumpkin-interactive.co.uk/collections/geography/products/flooding-in-bangladeshDUR: 38 mins. The 1998 floods in Bangladesh appeared to be qualitatively different from major floods in the previous 20 years, because of the length of the flood period, which was about 10 weeks. Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh, was severely affected. Communication within the country also became difficult. Eighteen major floods occurred in the 20th century. Location Mymensingh, Jamalpur, Sherpur, Hobiganj, Rangpur, Sirajangj, Manikganj, Pabna, Rajbari, Rajshahi, Kurigram, Faridpur, Nilphamari, Gaibandha, Lalmonirhat, Khagrachari, Chitagong, Feni, Comilla, Cox's Bazar, Tangail, Natore districts These boats are very important; they rescue over a thousand people over the course of multiple years.[13]. Flooding case study - Bangladesh, South Asia. Published on 29 Jul 1998. The extensive damage had to be paid for with foreign assistance. The raised houses are built on platforms raised above the typical water level a flood can reach. From July to September 1998, Bangladesh suffered extensive flooding. Tectonic uplift of the Himalayas means that erosion rates of sediment increase as the rivers have more potential for erosion. Whilst more permanent defenses, strengthened with reinforced concrete, are being built, many embankments are composed purely of soil and turf and made by local farmers. Floods are an annual event in Bangladesh. Academia. The condition of the flood which occurred in 2004 was similar with the flood in 1998. One thing that people are doing to avoid the effects of the flooding is building elevated houses and roads. This was blamed by some on the higher sea levels which meant that the surface water on the floodplain took longer to infiltrate. South Asian people, 70 percent of whom lives in rural areas also account for 75 percent of the poor, most of whom rely on agriculture for their livelihood. Bangladesh Floods, 1998. The video shows facts and figures about a devastating flood which struck Bangladesh in 1998. Bangladesh again experienced severe flooding in 1998, for which the flood forecasting and warning services yielded productive and successful results. 80% of the country of Bangladesh is classified as a floodplain, and following heavier than average monsoon rains between July and September 1998, coupled with snowmelt from the Himalayas, over two thirds of the country was flooded, including, significantly, the capital city, Dhaka. Coastal flooding, combined with the bursting of river banks is common, and severely affects the landscape and society of Bangladesh. Whether the extended length of the flooding is a one-off phenomenon is impossible to … Salt deposited on fields from high rates of evaporation is removed during floods, preventing the land from becoming infertile. No content reported. Missing Not Specified Bangladesh - 1998 Flood Relief. 29 Apr. Nearly all the 147 million people living in Bangladesh at the time (crammed into a space the size of Iowa) were forced to adapt to intense rainfall and water-borne disease exposed conditions. Vol 8, No. [clarification needed] In April, a total flood-inundated area was 2.01%, most inundation occurring in cropland (1.51%), followed by rural settlement and homestead orchard areas (0.21%) and other areas (0.29%). 30 million people were made homeless and the death toll reached over a thousand. Causes of flooding in Bangladesh: 1. The benefits of flooding are clear in El Niñoyears when the monsoon is interrupted. Firstly, most of Bangladesh is a flood plain or a delta (not an estuary, a delta is a river mouth that differs in many ways). Home / Ecology Essays / Parent topic: Geography, Human Geography. Not only are the harvests affected, the grain yield is also predicted to decrease anywhere from 3 to 15 percent. Tokyo: United Nations UP, 2006. [13], Additionally, organisations such as the Global Fund for Children and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation have taken the initiative of helping kids rebuild their lives after natural disasters by building schools that function on boats themselves. [13] As a result of several demanding summer floods, in 2004, the government of Bangladesh made the step of seeking foreign aid rather than try to assist the millions of homeless people on their own. A combination of heavy rainfall within and outside the country and synchronisation of peak flows of the major rivers contributed to the flood. In many cases, neighbourhoods of people build these raised homes and roads, creating a "cluster village" which is essentially a village that is raised above flood level. What was the damage cost of the Bangladesh flood 1998? 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