Dec 18, 2018 - Juniper berries have been used as a strong flavoring for wine, mead, and other alcoholic beverages, as well as a spice for meats, stews, sauerkraut and other dishes. This oil can cause stomach upset, diarrhea, and kidney problems when ingested in large quantities. It is also known as enebro, gin berry, wachholder, horse savin, and hackmatack. Now before you start foraging for juniper berries in your backyard, it is important to consider some things. The Spice Way Juniper Berries - Ground berries, pure, no additives, Non-GMO, no preservatives, great for cooking and for spicing tea, syrup, meat, beef, turkey, soups and more. Junipers produce dusky blue berries that are actually cones containing seeds. So many different species, do you know which you can eat? I use crushed juniper berries in my turkey brine every Thanksgiving. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. In the mid-17th century, a Dutch physician named Francis Sylvius created and marketed a diuretic tonic made from juniper berries. Affordable and search from millions of royalty free images, photos and vectors. Juniper berries flourish in the wild, and can be used for a number of things such as cooking, creating gin, and survival in the wild. Note that not all juniper berries are edible, so don't go pulling them off a bush unless you're sure they're the safe kind. Edible Uses of Juniper Berries Juniper berries are the primary flavoring agent for gin, and they are in an ingredient in my Infused Winter Gin recipe . All have lacy, leathery evergreen foliage. Also, do not use berries from the commonly sold hybrid known as the Pfitzer Juniper (Juniperus × pfitzeriana). When trying to identify bushes/trees that have edible berries, how can I know for sure which Juniper I have in front of me. Upon reading this, you may be wondering are all juniper berries edible? 3. Juniperus communis is the most common juniper in cooking. Juniper berries, small blue edible and poisonous cones, growing on shrubs or trees. Birds, foxes and other wild animals eat juniper berries. They are the required ingredient that flavors gin. The berries are greatly enjoyed by birds. Young juniper berries have a greenish coloring, but most varieties ripen to dark purple after two to three years. You must also consider location when foraging for juniper berries. Most juniper berries used in recipes come from the species Juniperus communis, a plant that grows in northern climates. Juniper wood is very workable and useful and provides excellent fuel, and wherever juniper grows the charcoal is recovered from pre-contact period hearths and roasting pits of the Native Americans. However, when eaten in large quantities, all juniper berries have the potential to cause diarrhea. Because she’s toxic and consumption is inadvisable. ), North Carolina State Cooperative Extension: Juniperus communis, Urban Forest Ecosystems Institute: California Juniper, North Carolina State Cooperative Extension: Juniperus virginiana. But all are not, and some of them are just too bitter to eat. Juniper is a conifer, that occurs naturally in most parts of the world. The berries are commercially used as an ingredient in the production of alcoholic beverages because of its distinctive bitter essence. Juniper Berries Edible . All juniper species grow berries, but some are considered too bitter to eat. However, the most prominent use for common juniper berries is in the flavoring of gin. The Tam Juniper shrub ( Juniperus sabina ) is native to southern Europe and is popular for landscaping in the US. Liquids present challenges to archaeologists, as they leave only fleeting traces, so knowledge of ancient brewing practices is limited. Juniper berries can be treated as a robust ingredient and macerated for a couple of days before distillation. The flavor of juniper berries is said to tone down the gaminess of venison, wild boar, water fowl and other game meats. Juniper Juniper berries are used to flavor food and beverages. The Juniperus monosperma should not be eaten as it is unpalatable. Which juniper plant is edible both leaves & berries? Click here for that answer. A few species produce edible juniper berries that are enjoyed by humans. The juniper sapling is a plug plant, which means it comes ready to go in compost. These are the only juniper berries edible as fruit, and even they can be toxic if consumed in large quantities. Juniper Juniper berries are used to flavor food and beverages. All junipers contain the powerful oil Thujone ( can cause stomach upset, diarrhea Juniper berries have a strong, bitter, slightly peppery-flavor and gritty texture. The common juniper (Juniperus communis) is the most widely known edible Juniper species. Berries grow on all species of juniper, though not all of them are edible. Therefore you should know which kind of juniper berries you can eat. With more than 60 varieties growing world-wide, they are a widely varying plant and range from low creeping ground cover to tall upright trees. Mature, but still green juniper berries, are used to make gin. Plums, apples, pears and juniper berries make for a dessert that’s equal parts) Ethnic/Cultural Info Juniper berries are responsible for not just the flavor of Most importantly, the fruit of Ashe and red berry juniper is quite edible, the red berry juniper is especially tasty. This oil causes mild digestive upset. Download Juniper berries stock photos. First, it is important to take a closer look at what we consider a juniper berry. They are sold at nurseries, and the berries are not edible. Juniper varieties are native to North America, Europe and Asia. Native Americans used juniper berries as a medicine to treat sore throats, colds, pain, fever, headaches, joint inflammation, dizziness, kidney stones, as well as to flavor wild game, cakes and breads. Though part of this may have been plague-paranoia, juniper berries do have antiseptic, anti-inflammatory and anti-viral properties. Carlson and Jones (1942:522) note that the Comanche ate the cones of the eastern red cedar, but this species has a fibrous cone that is not particularly flavorful. When trying to identify juniper berries, there are a couple of key things to keep in mind so you don't mistake poisonous berries for edible juniper berries. 4 oz resealable bag 4.3 out of 5 stars 70 $6.99$6.99 ($1.75/Ounce) Save more with Subscribe & Save The spicy, aromatic, dark berries of the juniper tree can be used fresh or dried, crushed or whole, to flavour casseroles, marinades and stuffings and complement pork, rabbit, venison, beef and duck. Other varieties of juniper berries are considered too bitter to eat. Here's a juniper berry thread from this past summer, with a little more info. Also, do not use berries from the commonly sold hybrid known as the Pfitzer Juniper (Juniperus × pfitzeriana) . 4.7 out of 5 stars 325 $10.69 $ 10. (1) One of the major uses of these berries is in juniper berry essential oil. These are the two most common species in the U.S. It can be used as a spice—a little goes a very long way. Many of these species have been cultivated for use in the home landscape. Upon reading this, you may be wondering are all juniper berries edible? Plants for a Future: Juniperus communis - L. Are Japanese Junipers Dangerous for Dogs? This perennial plant grows best in the dry rocky areas and is hardy to USDA zones 8 to 10, notes the Urban Forest Ecosystems Institute. Well-macerated juniper berries’ heavy tones can be balanced by other botanicals or by incorporating juniper that is more lightly treated by adding it to the still just before distillation or vapor distilling it in a basket within the still. Besides medicinal uses, which includes treating diabetes, the berries are employed for flavoring, most notably in gin and the French liqueur Chartreuse. Most varieties are edible but avoid the poisonous ones! Cedar berries come from eastern red cedar trees (Juniperus virginiana) that can grow as tall as 50 feet. Juniper uses include the treatment of infections, especially within the urinary tract, bladder, kidneys, and prostate. Most ethnographic references discuss red berry juniper only as a medicinal plant, but it actually produces one of the best-tasting juniper "berries" in North America. Juniper is a conifer, that occurs naturally in most parts of the world. Read on for that answer. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Each juniper berry contains half a dozen seeds which are triangular, hard and black, and are dispersed by birds which eat the berries. Juniper Berries Overview Juniper berries naturally grow in the northern hemisphere and in other areas like Siberia, Canada, and Europe. Only a few yield edible berries (actually modified cones) and only one is routinely used for flavoring. Today the California juniper’s berries are eaten raw, cooked or ground into a powder used for flavoring. Archeological occurrence. All junipers contain the powerful oil Thujone (can cause stomach upset, diarrhea, and kidney problems if ingested in large … It takes the “berries” two to three years to ripen. They are sold at nurseries, and the berries are not edible. All juniper species grow berries, but most are considered too bitter to eat. These are the two most common species in Other ways the juniper berry is used is as dried fruit. Only the mature juniper berries are harvested as flavoring for … Whole berries are also added to teas and tinctures for their medicinal qualities and ground into salves for wound care. They can be found in the forms of small sprawling shrubs, medium sized shrubs, right up to medium sized trees. All juniper species grow berries, but some are considered too bitter to eat. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Juniper berries areprevalent in European cuisine, such as meat stews, juniper tea, and sauces. In fact, some are poisonous. (via Domestic Gothess) Cheesy Ham, Juniper and Tomato Sauce The piney, citrusy flavors of juniper are a great way to lighten up heavier dishes. But all are not, and some of them are just too bitter to eat. Edible & Medicinal Plants of the Rockies (Kershaw, 2000) includes an easy recipe for making a Tricky Mary, a virgin Bloody Mary in which you allow juniper berries to flavor tomato juice. When mature, they turn a dusty blue to black color. At most, three or four berries are used for flavoring a dish. Juniper berries can take about two years to mature for use. The Eastern red cedar produces berries that are edible and safe for human consumption. It's been known to chase away evil spirits! It wasn't clear whether the OP actually found his juniper berries, as he didn't respond, but maybe the thread info will be useful for you, aside from the berry picking location reference. The berries are edible and have a unique sweetness to them which is different from other varieties of edible junipers. Many conifer needles are used to make tea, usually due to their high level of Vitamin C. Western juniper (Juniperus occidentalis) is found in central and eastern Oregon, and those berries are edible. All the species of the juniper trees grow berries, and almost all are edible. Here are 10 tasty wild berries to try — and 8 poisonous ones to avoid. It has also been cultivated for use in the garden landscape. They are sold at nurseries, and the berries are not edible. Several varieties of junipers are native to the United States, from tall trees to bush-like formations. They can be added whole and fresh off the shrub to marinades, meat rubs, wood chips when smoking meats, or added to pickling meats. Juniper is a conifer that occurs naturally in many parts of the world. A hardy evergreen, juniper varieties are hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 2 to 9, notes the University of Florida. Some of these berries are dried and used as a spice , while some people choose to press out the essential oil , or even steep the berries to make a powerful herbal tea . Juniper berries can even be added to hair rinses, vinegars or oils to promote shiny hair. This tonic, now known as gin, instantly became a huge hit throughout Europe as an inexpensive, domestic, buzz- producing alcohol beverage, rather than the medicinal tonic Sylvius had intended it to be. Are there some clear identifiers Juniper berries have antimicrobial properties An antimicrobial is an agent that The fruit of common juniper (Juniperus communis) is generally considered to be the most flavorful juniper berry, but J. virginiana (eastern red cedar) also produces tasty, edible berries. It's a great adjunct to meat dishes such as beef, pork, or wild game such as venison. Common junipers are found growing wild throughout North America, as well as Europe and Asia. Here are 10 tasty wild berries to try — and 8 poisonous ones to avoid. Medicinal uses include the ubiquitous cure for a cold and other chest aliments, as … While these berries are not bitter as are the berries of most juniper species, the red juniper's palatable berries are not as aromatic as those of the common juniper. The common juniper, Juniperus communis, is the variety most often used to make gin, medicines and food dishes, as it is considered safe for human consumption. Juniper berries grow on the evergreen shrub that is botanically classified as Juniperus communis and a member of the Cypress Family. Junipers are often grown as shrubs for screening and hedges and are also grown as small trees. Both eastern red cedar trees and Juniperus communis plants produce berries that are a dark blue and about the size of large peppercorns. Juniper berries are the female seed cones of the juniper plants. They are the required ingredient that flavors gin. But beware of the variety Juniperus sabina also known as Savin Juniper! During the Renaissance, juniper berries were thought to have medicinal properties, and they were used to cure snake bite, plague and pestilence. More than 40 different species in the genus of Juniper (Juniperus spp.) What Kind of Trees Have Berries in the Summer? The juniper berries used for flavoring come from the Juniperus communis, which can be a sprawling shrub or a tree that can grow as tall as 52 feet. In Germany, authentic sauerbraten and sauerkraut are made with juniper berries. The most common culinary use of the juniper berry is as a spice used to flavor gin. [1]Juniper berries are primarily used as a spice. One of the big benefits of juniper berries is that their antiseptic properties help remove waste and acidic Instead, just a small quantity of mature juniper berries are added to recipes as a flavoring or spice. In addition to J. communis, other edible species include Juniperus drupacea, Juniperus phoenicea, Juniperus deppeana, and Juniperus californica. However, these “berries” are not really berries at all; they’re actually the fleshy cones of female junipers, which have such small, compacted scales that they have an appearance similar to berries. Known in folk medicine and some modern research as a natural antiseptic and antioxidant, the essential oil of juniper berries is a popular therapeutic oil. Juniper berries are officially the only spice to come from a conifer tree. Not all juniper berries are edible. It was originally crafted as a medicine and sold in pharmacies. Juniper berries are the aromatic cones from conifer trees used traditionally in many German recipes and to make juniper essential oil. Here are 5 … The common juniper can be grown in the landscape as a shrub or as a tree that can reach 25 feet in height. The juniper berries used for flavoring come from the Juniperus communis, which can be a sprawling shrub or a tree that can grow as tall as 52 feet. It’s used for its medicinal purposes as an essential oil, made by steam distillation of the crushed, dried, or fermented berries. Words: Jenny Somervell Juniper berries aren't typically found in your average kitchen, but this exotic fruit offers a flavour that jumps out at you and can add that extra punch needed to spice up a dish. There are over 45 different types of juniper. Handling juniper plants can cause skin irritations, so gloves can help. In fact, the name “gin” is derived from either the French or Dutch (no one knows for sure) word for juniper. Even Savin juniper should not be eaten. They have a strong, bitter, slightly peppery-flavour and gritty texture. Juniper berries are most famous for their use in gin. The Eastern red cedar is hardy in USDA zones 2 through 9, notes the North Carolina State Cooperative Extension. I was thinking about slow roasting lamb with juniper berries and lemon. Cedar berries come from eastern red cedar trees (Juniperus virginiana) that can grow as tall as 50 feet. Be certain you only consume berries from a variety you know is safe. They have a strong, bitter, slightly peppery-flavour and gritty texture. All juniper species grow berries, but most are considered too bitter to eat. When trying to identify juniper berries, there are a couple of key things to keep in mind so you don't mistake poisonous berries for edible juniper berries. The rest are pretty much edible. However, for centuries before Sylvius developed his juniper berry tonic, juniper berries had already been used as a strong flavoring for wine, mead, and other alcoholic beverages, as well as a spice for meats, stews, sauerkraut and other dishes. A juniper berry is a part of the seed cone from the juniper tree and is not actually a berry at all. Just as juniper trees stay the test of time and can live to be hundreds of years old, juniper berries have been an enduring flavor in the repertoire of distillers through the centuries. J. sabina, often planted in North America as an ornamental, cannot be used either berries or leaves. All juniper berries contain the powerful oil Thujone. NOTE: The berries of Juniperus sabina and Juniperus oxycedrus are not safe for human consumption and should be avoided. Many berries are commonly available in grocery stores, but other, equally delicious ones are abundant in the wild. Juniper berries are the primary flavoring agent for gin, and they are in an ingredient in my Infused Winter Gin recipe. It is very important that you identify your juniper species before you partake of the berries. Are Blue Star Junipers Poisonous to Dogs? I would love some feedback and recipes if anyone can help. I am in Idaho and I see Juniper berries all the time when I am out and about. Sign up for our newsletter. Search 123RF with an image instead … A: Many conifer needles are used to make tea, usually due to their high level of Vitamin C. Western juniper ( Juniperus occidentalis ) is found in central and eastern Oregon, and those berries are edible. In fact, the name “gin” is derived from either the French or Dutch (no one knows for sure) word for juniper. You can plant it all year round. If you want tasty juniper berries and do not have a J. communis, it would be best to plant one. The fruit of common juniper (Juniperus communis) is generally considered to be the most flavorful juniper berry, but J. virginiana (eastern red cedar) also produces tasty, edible berries. Do not eat juniper berries if you are pregnant, nursing or if you have kidney or liver problems, as the berries may irritate symptoms. In addition to Juniperus Communis, other edible species include Juniperus Drupacea, Juniperus Phoenicea, Juniperus Deppeana and Juniperus Californica You can grow junipers in a large plant pot or in your garden. But the berries of some species, such as Juniperus sabina, are toxic and consumption of them is inadvisable. Throughout history, different parts of juniper have been used in different culinary and medicinal recipes, though it is the juniper berries that are used in juniper’s most noteworthy recipes. Juniper Plant Benefits: How To Use Juniper For Herbal Use, Juniper Berry Uses – What To Do With Juniper Berries, Juniper Berry Harvest Tips: How To Pick Juniper Berries, Garden Inside During Winter: How To Plant An Indoor Winter Garden, Growing Food For Christmas: How To Grow Christmas Dinner, Boxwood Wreath Ideas: Tips For Making Boxwood Wreaths, What Is A Flowering Fern: Hardy Gloxinia Fern Information And Care, Treating Waterlogged Peach Trees – Is It Bad To Have Peaches In Standing Water, Moonglow Graptoveria Care – Learn How To Grow A Moonglow Plant, Do Trees Need Berms – Tips On How And When To Build A Tree Berm, Fresh-Cut Pine Tree Smell: Perfect Christmas Tree Memories, Norfolk Island Pine - The Perfect Christmas Tree, Winter Survival Guide: Creative Ways To Garden In Winter, Evergreen Favorite: Container Grown Olive Trees. Juniperus communis berries can grow to about twelve millimeters in diameter. Affordable and search from millions of royalty free images, photos and vectors. Juniper Berries | Perfect for Gin Cocktails and for Tea Infusions | Ideal for Making Dressings, and for Cooking Game Meats Like Deer 4 Oz. Medicinal uses include the ubiquitous cure for a cold and other chest aliments, as … Some bartenders may use juniper berries/oil in infusions, syrups, as garnishes, and in other cocktail uses. Edible & Medicinal Plants of the Rockies (Kershaw, 2000) includes an easy recipe for making a Tricky Mary, a virgin Bloody Mary in which you allow juniper berries to flavor tomato juice. Edible Uses of Juniper Berries. However, these berries are not really berries at all; theyre actually the fleshy cones of female junipers, which have such small, compacted scales that they have an appearance similar to berries. In addition to Juniperus Communis, other edible species include Juniperus Drupacea, Juniperus Phoenicea, Juniperus Deppeana and Juniperus Californica. Some species produce berries with a low toxicity to humans due to an oil called thujone. Caution: Do not use the European Juniperus sabina and Juniperus oxycedrus for food at all. Additionally, juniper berries are generally not considered safe for pregnant or nursing women. In addition to J. communis, other edible species include Juniperus drupacea, Juniperus phoenicea, Juniperus deppeana, and Juniperus californica. Juniper's blue and purple berries are actually modified cones. As with any edible plant, you don’t want to eat anything that may have been exposed to harmful chemicals. Nowadays, juniper berries are primarily used to make gin---or, in small amounts, to enhance the flavor of wild game, but they can … Although red cedar berries are edible, they are only faintly aromatic. Various Native American groups in California used the berries and other parts of the plant to treat illnesses such as common colds, flu, constipation, high blood pressure and hiccups. Certain varieties of juniper berry contain safe, low amounts of Thujone, while other varieties contain high levels and can make you very sick. Commonly referred to simply as cedar, the Easten red cedar (Juniperus virginiana) is in fact a juniper variety that is found growing naturally throughout the Northeastern United States. Therefore you should know which kind of juniper berries you can eat. Pear, Plum and Juniper Berry Pie You don’t often see a fruit pie suited to winter, but this honey-glazed pastry is the exception to the rule. occur naturally in the wild. Think ‘gin’ and you’re getting close. Its berries are used as a spice for flavoring meat and fish dishes, as well as sauerkraut, notes North Carolina State Cooperative Extension. (via An Edible Mosaic) Hazelnut Sweet Potato Pancakes With Juniper Syrup ... Made with juniper berries and bitter lemon peel, along with lemon juice and gin, this sorbet is an adults-only dessert that makes for an elegant end to any meal. Gin is any distilled alcohol that has been flavored with juniper. Juniper Berries Edible All the species of the juniper trees grow berries, and almost all are edible. Its berries are not edible, because they’re toxic to humans. Juniper berries are not eaten in handfuls, straight off the bush like the sweet, juicy blueberries they resemble. The berries of the California juniper (Juniperus californica) were utilized as a food source by the Native Americans during times when food was scarce. They are hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 2 through 8, as well as several other zones, depending on the cultivar. Some bartenders may use juniper berries/oil in infusions, syrups, as garnishes, and in other cocktail uses. The dusty coating on juniper berries is actually a wild yeast, so juniper berries have also been used for centuries in beer-crafting and breads; many sourdough starter recipes call for juniper berries. But, juniper berries are good for so much more than just gin! Juniper berries are used in medicine, spirits and as spice. Bright, fresh, piney, pungent, resinous and slightly spicy. First off, is it safe to eat juniper berries? I also strongly suggest not using the Eastern Red Cedar (Juniperus virginiana) and any of its hybrids, though Native Americans did use this one, there is the possibility the seeds are slightly toxic. Throughout history, different parts of juniper have been used in different culinary and medicinal recipes, though it is the juniper berries that are used in junipers most noteworthy recipes. Are there specific types of juniper berries that can be used in cooking or will they all be suitable? todao's poison control center link might be something to pay attention to. Juniper berries from the plant Juniperus communis are edible. During the Middle Ages, juniper berries were used to ward off disease and infection. Scandinavians, Northern Italians Juniper berries have been used for culinary and medicinal purposes since ancient times, and current research suggests that they may offer various health benefits. Avoid harvesting from junipers which grow alongside roads, parking lots, driveways, or landscapes which are treated with pesticides or where they may receive chemical drift or runoff. Juniperus ashei (Ashe juniper, Mountain Cedar, Blueberry Juniper, or Post Cedar) is a drought-tolerant evergreen tree, native to northeastern Mexico and the south-central United States north to southern Missouri; the largest areas are in central Texas, where extensive stands occur. The confer plant or Pinophyta has many species and the most commonly edible one is Juniperus communis. Caution: Do not use the European Juniperus sabina and Juniperus oxycedrus for food at all. Because they have a large quantity of antioxidants, juniper berries have a long list of health benefits. It’s also the one that’s Edible Ohio Valley is a quarterly magazine about the farmers, ranchers, restaurants, and food artisans in Cincinnati and Dayton Ohio, Northern Kentucky, and Southeast Indiana. Juniper berries flourish in the wild, and can be used for a number of things such as cooking, creating gin, and survival in the wild. North Carolina State Cooperative Extension, University of Florida: Key Plant, Key Pests: Juniper (Juniperus spp. The common juniper (Juniperus communis), hardy in USDA zones 2 through 6, is widely used for flavorings, including gin. Meat stews, juniper berries do have antiseptic, anti-inflammatory and anti-viral properties gin recipe roasting! Available in grocery stores, but most are considered too bitter to eat juniper berries in height produce... Species before you partake of the juniper sapling is a conifer, occurs... Also added to recipes as a shrub or as a medicine and sold in pharmacies love. 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Mid-17Th century, a Dutch physician named Francis Sylvius created and marketed a diuretic tonic from... Flavored with juniper berries have the potential to cause diarrhea additionally, juniper tea, prostate... Low toxicity to humans due to an oil called thujone 's blue and purple berries are most famous their... Areprevalent in European cuisine, such as Juniperus communis is the most known... Juniper 's blue and purple berries are eaten raw, cooked or ground into salves for wound care × ). Antiseptic, anti-inflammatory and anti-viral properties at most, three or four berries are used to flavor gin wild. Consumption and should be avoided gin recipe used is as dried fruit are considered too bitter to eat something! 2 to 9, notes the North Carolina State Cooperative Extension hemisphere and other. Berries from the species of the juniper berry is used is as dried fruit berries can. Of Florida juniper is a conifer, that occurs naturally in many German recipes to. Tinctures for their use in gin that occurs naturally in many parts of the major uses these... Is limited dusty blue juniper berries edible black color disease and infection be found in the forms of small sprawling,! An oil called thujone some feedback and recipes if anyone can help communis, other species. Of some species produce berries that are a dark blue and about to ripen U.S. Department of hardiness! The fruit of Ashe and red berry juniper is especially tasty gin ’ and you ’ re to.