Sugar, starch (potatoes, pasta, etc.) Carbohydrates-end in -ose. Main source of energy. Natural Monomers. Nucleotide monomers are named according to the type of nitrogenous base they contain. Many bottles, building materials, and toys use PVC. Some animations are included, to give a general idea of the processes involved. In this video we introduce the concept of monomers and polymers using a few examples, as well as the important reactions of condensation and hydrolysis. Polymer = starch or polysaccharide. Monomer = sugar or monosaccharide. Natural monomers with an unusual chemical structure for example, 4-hydroxyalkanoic acids, 5-hydroxyalkanoic acids and 6-hydroxyalkanoic acids that are synthesized by some microorganisms. Natural monomers have been polymerized empirically for equally long periods for applications such as coatings, paint and ink setting, leather tanning, etc. Start studying Macromolecules: monomer, function, and examples. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Monomers are single atoms or small molecules that bind together to form polymers, macromolecules that are composed of repeating chains of monomers. We'll review your answers and create a Test Prep Plan for you based on your results. Different types of monomers can combine in many configurations, giving rise to a diverse group of macromolecules. Many types of plastics are made through a process known as polymerization, which is the joining of monomer units from plastic products. Glucose, fructose, galactose. Examples of synthetic monomers include ethylene gas which is used to create polyethylene. C 6 H 12 O 6 = glucose. Monomers & Polymers Chapter Exam Take this practice test to check your existing knowledge of the course material. Another monomer used to create synthetic polymers is vinyl chloride, which plays a role in the creation of volume or polyvinylchloride or PVC, which itself is frequently used in the construction of plastic. When free, these monomers may have extra phosphate groups and be found in diphosphate, triphosphate, or polyphosphate forms. Monomer/Polymer. Monomers and polymers - a concept which is applicable to a variety of biological molecules in relation to cell structure and functioning, as well as nutrition. A monomer is a molecule that can combine with others of the same kind to form a polymer, you have glucose molecules that can combine to form the polymer celulose. Other. The chemical formulas of nucleic acid monomer show the quantities of each element. Moreover, polymers can be conformed by different kinds of monomers. Examples. Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen. As additional monomers join, this chain of repeating monomers forms a polymer. 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